ASRock’s X600 DeskMini – Finally – Again – SFF.Network

ASRock’s X600 DeskMini – Finally – Again – SFF.Network Leave a comment

Years in the past, the SFF group waited with bated breath for the ASRock DeskMini A300. With AMD APU help, it supplied a greater balanced than Intel chips between the CPU and GPU. This SFF Gem was the perfect Deskmini, and the SFF Community group rallied round it by creating customized 3D printed casesBIOS updates, and extra.

Now, the instances have modified and AMD’s AM5 platform has arrived. Once more, the SFF group waited. It felt like ages however ASRocks X600 DeskMini is lastly right here.

Asrock was type sufficient to ship a pattern unit to Small Kind Issue Community for testing and evaluation. No evaluation steering was given nor was any affect exerted by Asrock through the course of this evaluation.

That is what I’d think about a “dwelling” evaluation as I shall be holding onto this unit longer than the conventional evaluation cycle, and shall be offering updates. Moreover, please be at liberty to recommend exams and benchmarks within the discussion board thread, and I’ll see what I can do to make them occur.

Earlier than we start,

Right here at SFF Community, we’re devoted to furthering the world of small, efficiency dense computer systems. This does come at a value although – buying {hardware} to finish critiques, and our personal time that we volunteer. Contemplating supporting us with a subscription or a purchase order of SFF Network merchandise.


Sourced from ASRock’s X600 DeskMini product page.

CPU Helps AMD Socket AM5 Ryzen™ 8000/7000 Sequence Processors, Max. TDP 65W
Chipset AMD X600
Cooler Helps AMD AM5/AM4 CPU Cooler (Max. Peak ≦ 47mm)
Reminiscence Helps 2 x SO-DIMM DDR5-6400+(OC)MHz reminiscence, Max. 96GB (non-ECC)
Graphics HDMI (4K@120Hz)
DisplayPort 1.4 (4K@120Hz)
D-Sub (VGA)
Audio Realtek ALC269 Audio Codec
Storage 2 x SATA3 6Gb 2.5-inch 7mm/9.5mm Onerous Drive (RAID 0/1)
1 x Blazing M.2 Socket (M2_1), help sort 2280 PCIe Gen5x4 (128 Gb/s) mode*
1 x Hyper M.2 Socket (M2_2), helps sort 2280 PCIe Gen4x4 (64 Gb/s) mode**Helps NVMe SSD as boot disks
LAN 2.5 Gigabit LAN (Dragon RTL8125BG)
WiFi 1 x M.2 Socket (Key E), helps sort 2230 Wi-Fi/BT module
Entrance I/O 1 x MIC-In
1 x USB 3.2 Gen1 Kind-C Port (Helps ESD Safety)
1 x USB 3.2 Gen1 Kind-A Port (Helps ESD Safety)
1 x Head Telephone with MIC Jack
Rear I/O 1x DC-In Jack (Appropriate with the 19V energy adapter)
1 x D-Sub Port (VGA)
1 x HDMI Port
1 x DisplayPort 1.4
2 x USB 3.2 Gen1 Kind-A Ports (Helps ESD Safety)
1 x RJ-45 LAN Port with LED
Connectors 1 x USB 2.0 Header
1 x Entrance Panel Header
2 x 4-Pin fan connectors (CPU, SYS)
1 x Inside Speaker Header (4-Pin)
1 x Chassis Intrusion Header (2-Pin)
1 x Audio Header (4-Pin)
Accent 2 x SATA Knowledge with Energy Cable
1 x 120W/19V adapter
1 x Screws Pack
Dimensions 155 x 155 x 80 mm (1.92L)
OS Assist Microsoft® Home windows® 10 64-bit / 11 64-bit


At simply over a month previous from the manufacturing facility, this X600 pattern I’ll be immediately is a contemporary new SFF system for these of us who need tremendous “smol”.


The orange accents on the packaging denotes that that is the AMD variant of the DeskMini, and certainly, that is the AM5 DeskMini with the X600 “chipset”.  Let’s study what comes with it.


Equipment! A NZ/AU energy wire, a pair of the proprietary SATA energy/information cables, a bunch of screws for drive mounting, a quartet of rubber case feed and the all-new GaN energy adapter are included, in addition to a quick start manual (PDF hyperlink, physcial handbook not proven on this picture).


The brand new energy adapter is way smaller than the earlier era DeskMini bricks, however has the identical energy score of 120 watts.


The adapter is 65mm huge…


… and 98mm lengthy.


With a 23mm thickness, it makes for a .14 liter brick, versus the 0.35 liter brick of previous (65 x 150 x 36mm). That is a lot better, and a really, very welcomed change.



The cooler that comes within the field is one thing we previous arms will bear in mind – there’s a manufacturing facility someplace that has been knocking these out since Socket 758 Sempron days!

No heatpipes, and even copper right here. Then once more, ASRock charges the DeskMini with 65 Watt most for the processor, so this could cope.. Perhaps.


Now for the DeskMini itself.

The Deskmini X600’s entrance fascia has modified markedly because the final one I reviewed, and adjusted for the higher. The entrance port structure is identical because it all the time has been, as is predicted from the DeskMini household lineage. The entrance I/O features a MIC in, 1x USB 3.2 Gen 1 USB C port, 1X USB 3.2 Gen 1 USB A port, and 1X head telephone with MIC jack. On the facet of the X600’s case, place near the entrance panel, are the blanked off cutouts for a pair of USB 2.0 ports that may be added with a not-included accent.


On the again of the case, the nonetheless sparse rear I/O is seen. Apart from USB era, the rear I/O hasn’t modified any because the AM4 ancestors of this latest smolboy.

From high to backside, the rear IO consists of:

1x DC-In Jack for the 19V energy adapter.

  • I found the A300 DeskMini might run on a 12V adapter, however this probably would scale back the lifespan of the interior energy provide on account of elevated amperage.

1 x HDMI 2.1 port

1 x DisplayPort 1.4

1 x D-Sub Port (VGA) for these nonetheless utilizing previous screens, resembling company environments or embedded purposes, probably utilizing previous touchscreens.

2 x USB 3.2 Gen1 Kind-A Ports with ESD Safety.

1 x RJ-45 LAN Port for the built-in 2.5GbE community chip.

I really feel that a variety of DeskMinis within the wild have USB hubs hooked up…

The inner chassis slides out after eradicating 4 screws.


The one connection to the exterior chassis in inventory configuration is the entrance panel header. A part of me needs this was a header and pin to a PCB association within the chassis as a substitute of a cable because it does get tangled a bit when popping the motherboard tray again in. The USB2.0 add-on solely provides to this situation. Continuously, I’ve discovered the cables to get caught in entrance of the tray, and stop closing the system up fully.


Our first have a look at the X600M-STX board itself. Carrying alongside an equivalent structure from the earlier era, the X600M-STX ought to fit with a number of the smaller after market cases of the earlier generations.


On the underside facet of the motherboard tray resides a pair of two.5″ drive mounts.


Beige SSD for reference.

Deep Dive

Let’s have a look at the X600M-STX motherboard now. That includes AMD’s socket AM5, a pair of DDR5 SODIMM slots, a pair of M.2 slots (1x storage, 1x WiFi), and never a lot else, the M-STX kind issue is characteristic dense, however not feature-full.


To the rear is a second M.2 slot, a pair of SATA energy/information plugs for the included proprietary cables, the CMOS battery, the AMD CPU backplate, and some chips, MOSFETs and different parts.


Deep dive time.

SATA2 and SATA1 are the aforementioned energy/information sockets for the two.5″ drives. Nestled between them is a UART programming header; probably for manufacturing facility programming of the BIOS. The chip to the best of those is an ASMedia ASM1061, a PCIe 2.0 to SATA controller chip which is required because the X600 doesn’t have a chipset.

Wait! What?!

Yup. The “X600” platform makes use of the built-in controller on the processor for all of the board performance (not offered by standalone third social gathering chips) as a substitute of utilizing a bodily AMD chipset.

To the underside left nook of the rear of the board is the M.2 slot; listed within the specs as “Hyper M.2 Socket (M2_2), helps sort 2280 PCIe Gen4x4 (64 Gb/s) mode”.

The sq. chip in direction of the underside left is a Realtek ALC269, which operate because the audio chip. Nothing overly particular right here apart from it’s location in direction of the entrance of the board; which is sensible as the one audio outputs for the DeskMini X600 is on the entrance panel.

The opposite sq. chip, on the high left of the M.2 slot, is an ASMedia ASM1543 which is a swap chip for USB 3.1 Gen 1 @ 10Gbps. That is fascinating on condition that ASMedia states that the chip is for USB Kind-C, and ASRock claims that the entrance Kind-C port is a 3.2 Gen 2. USB 3 is a catastrophe of branding for every spec stage. So, might somebody smarter than I please clarify within the discussion board?

To the highest left of the again of the board the place we see the CMOS battery up shut, a bunch of capacitors for the processor energy phases, and some itty bitty chips. The oblong man to the best of the battery is a AS393M-G1 which is a voltage comparator.

Beneath the battery are a couple of chips together with a TW209G9A, and a pair of Z41S 2898.

To the highest proper! Since we’re checking chips, the one denoted PU23 is marked “MK=AYD LY1”.



Topside to the entrance of the board, we go now (ED Be aware: Did you channel Yoda if you wrote that? Converse ahead!). The VRM part is hidden beneath the heatsink, with solely the caps and inductors left bare. The chip to the left of the inductors is a RichTek (to not be confused with Realtek) RT3672EE, and is a buck convertor for a part of the facility provide. It’s designed particularly for AMD SVI3;  AMD’s Scalable Voltage Interface. This chip allows the processor to watch and management the facility phases. A great run-down on this may be read here.


Over to the best of the entrance of the motherboard is one other small chip. This time it’s a RichTek RT3674AE which is one other a part of the SVI3 configuration. A lone USB2.0 header, supporting a pair of ports, sits subsequent to the mounting gap. Proper of this, there’s a pair of pins f0r clearing the CMOS reminiscence which I did find yourself utilizing this a couple of instances in testing, chasing reminiscence clocks and timings! Beneath this can be a speaker header.

Transferring to the underside of the entrance of the board is a double deck of M.2 slots. The topmost slot is ASRock’s “Blazing M.2 Socket (M2_1), help sort 2280 PCIe Gen5x4 (128 Gb/s) mode”, and the underside most being an E-Key M.2 Socket that helps 2230 sort Wi-Fi/BT modules.

Persevering with our journey, the NuvoTon NCT6686D chip, a “Tremendous IO” chip used for monitoring a ton of data-points.


To the underside proper, and the pair of DDR5-SODIMM slots take centre stage. Slightly below these lies the entrance panel header, within the smaller pin-pitch used within the DeskMinis – not the normal 2.54mm pitch! Proper of right here is an audio header – for ASRock’s non-compulsory rear audio port to hook up with.


And eventually, on the underside left of the entrance of the motherboard, is the place the pair of fan headers is situated. These are the one fan headers on the X600 board, and are a pair of 4-pin PWM connectors as is the norm these days.

This evaluation pattern shipped with BIOS revision 1.43, as denoted by the sticker on the BIOS chip. Hiding between the SODIMM slots and the USB/RJ45 stack is a Realtek RTL8125BG, is the ethernet controller which helps 2.5G. The bigger chip above that is one other Realtek unit; a RTS5411 USB3.0 controller. What it’s doing right here? No thought. Feeding USB into the HDMI stream? Above that is one other small Realtek chip; a RTD2168 chip. Can’t discover something on this man.


The naked AM5 socket. There lies 1718 pins, begging to be mangled by a rogue screwdriver!


Underneath the socket lies a bunch of capacitors.


Phew. My new AMD Ryzen 5 8600G, bought particularly for this evaluation, defending the LGA pins from my clumsiness. Time for one more “sponsor” spot!

Right here at SFF Community, we’re devoted to furthering the world of small, efficiency dense computer systems. This does come at a value although – buying {hardware} to finish critiques, and our personal time that we volunteer. Contemplating supporting us with a subscription or a purchase order of SFF Network merchandise.

Pulling the VRM heatsink reveals 6 energy phases. ASRock doesn’t market what energy part spec the X600M-STX has, nevertheless it appears like 4+1+1. The chips are Vishay SiC634, 50A steady rated MOSFETs.

The VRM heatsink intimately. Not the chunkiest little bit of equipment, however nicely designed to make the most of exhaust airflow out of your CPU cooler.


Be aware to self – this WiFi card isn’t appropriate, or is useless. Verify this later. (Future John right here; the cardboard’s useless!)


Previous-timer and newcomer.


ASRock additionally lists a couple of equipment for the DeskMini X600: A USB hub (and USB 2.0 cable), an addressable RGB strip, a rear audio cable, an APU cooler (provided with our evaluation pattern), a VESA mounting equipment, and a pair of Intel WiFi choices – AX210 or AC3168. I’ve scavenged the WiFi module for this evaluation from the ASRock B760 Lighting WiFi M-ITX motherboard.

DeskMini USB Hub

DeskMini LED Strip

DeskMini USB2.0 Cable

DeskMini VESA Mount




One other be aware to self: MSATA drives don’t work on this board.

As talked about at first of the evaluation, that is considerably of a “Residing” evaluation – the place I’m open to testing and benchmarking strategies within the discussion board thread, and like the unique A300 evaluation thread, it’ll grow to be a useful resource for the group with enter from all people.

Time Spy

The group in our Discord server was fairly within the Kingston Fury Influence DDR5-6400 reminiscence equipment, and I’ve performed my finest to duplicate the speeds and timings within the above chart. Of be aware, the Kingston DDR5-6400 equipment runs 38-40-40-40 timings which is present as the center end result within the chart. Oddly, I skilled a repeated efficiency lower over the identical reminiscence velocity, however 40-40-40 timing. Attention-grabbing. I ponder if DDR5’s inbuilt ECC was working time beyond regulation!

In Cinebench R23,  at peak efficiency (however no handbook overclocking), the X600 scored 13,165. This appears to be a comparatively low rating for the 8600G processor I’m utilizing for testing versus the benchmark outcomes discovered throughout the net. I’m undecided as to the place the efficiency loss lies however I believe it’s probably a restricted increase clock as a result of energy limitations of the system. The only core rating was 1775, which is strictly within the vary anticipated for this processor. Since this can be a decrease load on the facility supply setup, I feel this confirms my principle.

Talking of energy, at peak, the X600 within the aforementioned evaluation configuration peaked at 118 Watts on the wall, (230v). By adjusting the EDC amperage restrict to 150A, I used to be ready to attract near 130W from the wall. That mentioned,  I’d recommend towards doing this with the manufacturing facility GaN brick. Noting that ASRock has a “180W” setting inside the efficiency choices in BIOS, I’d wager that it’s certainly doable to push the X600 DeskMini additional, however we’re hitting CPU cooling limits at this level as nicely.

Cyberpunk 2077

Default Settings, Low preset, 1080P. Playable! (Barely)


Ray tracing low preset tanks efficiency, as is predicted from an 8600G.

On condition that the one fan within the X600 (and any DeskMini) is the CPU cooler, the aural traits of the system if closely dependant on the cooler you select to implement. The cooler that’s shipped with the DeskMini is of poor to common high quality, however the fan itself doesn’t exhibit “nasty” tones or artifacts, simply the anticipated inventory cooler noise and airflow sound.



Was it well worth the wait? In brief, sure.

At a MSRP of US$172, the DeskMini X600 affords a comparatively low-cost method to construct a brilliant small AM5 primarily based APU system. With base AM5 ITX boards going for round US$140 at time of writing, leaving $32 for chassis and energy provide, the X600 DeskMini is a good purchase. Should you’re prepared to sacrifice I/O for regained desk house, it’s an excellent possibility. Nonetheless, the restricted rear IO on the DeskMini sequence does imply that a variety of customers find yourself including USB hubs to allow full use of the system.

Different products, resembling these from MinisForum, ASUS, MSI, and even ASRock themselves, could supply related, or higher efficiency per greenback. The true worth of the DeskMini lies in what you propose on constructing it for.

The chassis itself is a barebones unit; being made ofSECC metal and plastic. Whereas this appears lackluster, now we have to take into account that the DeskMini sequence is aimed extra at company and “fleet consumers” than fans.

All that being mentioned, the DeskMini affords an excellent possibility for these wanting a easy, decrease energy system with a small quantity of part customization. With the incoming 9000 sequence processors, we could even see the DeskMini having the ability to carry out as an excellent all-rounder mini-PC for gaming.


Right here at SFF Community, we’re devoted to furthering the world of small, efficiency dense computer systems. This does come at a value although – buying {hardware} to finish critiques, and our personal time that we volunteer. Contemplating supporting us with a subscription or a purchase order of SFF Network merchandise.

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